Nursing Program

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Organizing Framework

The nursing courses are organized into two levels, Level I and Level II. Level I encompasses simple, chronic, general needs of the patient and Level II encompasses complex; acute, needs of individuals and groups. The nursing scope and standards of practice and concepts of quality and safety education in nursing are woven through each course.

The two central concepts of the Rowan College at Burlington County organizing framework are the nursing process and human needs. Each of the nursing courses was developed based upon these concepts. The roles of Provider of Care, Manager of Care, and Member of the Profession describe nursing practice and are addressed throughout each level. Students are guided in the development of these roles of the professional nurse.

The topical outline for each course includes Maslow’s hierarchy of needs with content organized and presented according to the steps of the nursing process.

The nursing courses are organized into two levels, Level I and Level II. An orderly progression of the curriculum from Level I encompassing simple, chronic, general needs of the patient to Level II encompassing complex; acute, specific needs of groups of patients. Assigned experiences, such as learning activities and clinical assignments provide opportunities for students to develop required competencies. These experiences reflect the progression of objectives of each course to the level and student learning outcomes which identify the competencies required for the successful entry of the graduate into practice.

Nursing Process

Nursing is a dynamic, systematic science, and art based upon a unique body of evolving nursing knowledge which is influenced by the behavioral, physical, and social sciences. Nursing is holistic in its approach to identified patient needs. The nurse collaborates with patients through therapeutic interactions designed to promote optimum health. This is accomplished through the nursing process, one of two central concepts of this Program. This consists of assessing the healthcare needs of the patient and family, establishing nursing diagnoses and patient care goals, developing plans of care, implementing interventions, and evaluating and documenting patient care.

Integral to the nursing process are communication skills, critical thinking, therapeutic management, accountability, and caring. In collaboration with other healthcare professionals, nurses are advocates for patients and families in promoting health through direct and indirect care and education.

The nursing process is a systematic method used to assist the patient in meeting identified needs. As a person interacts with the internal and external environment, basic human needs must be fulfilled.

However, each individual is a unique human being whose needs at various developmental and health levels must be considered. The individual utilizes both internal and external resources to meet basic needs satisfactorily through adaptation resulting in homeostasis.

Human Needs

The individual is a unique being possessing worth and dignity and is constantly interacting with the internal and external environment to meet human needs. These human needs, the second central concept of this program, are threads throughout the curriculum and must be fulfilled to maintain individual homeostasis. Adaptation is the mechanism used by the individual to compensate for unmet or partially met needs. Safety (the avoidance of harm), Security (protection from fear), Energy (required to meet basic physiologic needs), Sensory (the ability to send, perceive & receive stimuli), and Esteem (self- respect & positive recognition) are necessary for the well-being of each individual.

A state of health exists when there is equilibrium in all areas of human functioning. Illness may result when adaptation is not achieved. Partially met or unmet needs may be classified as physiological or psychological health problems. Therapeutic nursing care results from utilizing the steps of the nursing process in assisting the individual in maintaining or restoring homeostasis.